Difference between revisions of "Ringways References"

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;The County of London Plan, 1943
;The County of London Plan, 1943
:[[CM 09]] & [[SJ 05]]
:See [[County of London Plan (1943)]]
:Copy held at [[London Metropolitan Archives]]
 
{{Col-2}}
{{Col-2}}


;The Greater London Plan, 1944
;The Greater London Plan, 1944
:[[CM 10]] & [[SJ 06]]
:See [[Greater London Plan (1944)]]
:Copy held at [[London Metropolitan Archives]]
{{Col-end}}
{{Col-end}}


Line 66: Line 65:


;West Cross Route planning status in 1962
;West Cross Route planning status in 1962
:[[West Cross Route: Interim Report on Stage I (1962)]] - document is dated April 1962


{{Col-2}}
{{Col-2}}
Line 71: Line 71:


;Consultants brought in to assist GLC with planning
;Consultants brought in to assist GLC with planning
:Letter from GLC to MoT (London Highways Division), 3 September 1968, held at [[MT 106/299]]


;GLC unhappy with use of Abercrombie terminology
;GLC unhappy with use of Abercrombie terminology
Line 78: Line 79:


;Evening Standard report with incorrect cost and rehousing numbers
;Evening Standard report with incorrect cost and rehousing numbers
:''Evening Standard'' 26/05/66, "That motorway box 'could cost £3000m'"


;Camden suggesting higher capacity on North Cross Route
;Camden suggesting higher capacity on North Cross Route
Line 98: Line 100:


;Protest groups set up in South West London
;Protest groups set up in South West London
:''The Borough News'' 16/10/70; p. 16 "Putney Motorway Action Group formed"
:Further items to be added to this list.


;Grove Park Group's analysis and report
;Grove Park Group's analysis and report


;Coalition of South London councils
;Coalition of South London councils
:''Clapham Observer'' 11/02/72; "Councils combine to fight M-way 'madness'"


;Barnes Motorway Action Group newspaper spread
;Barnes Motorway Action Group newspaper spread
:''Putney and Roehampton Herald'' 02/07/70 (held at [[Wandsworth Local History Service]])


;Layfield Report decision on Ringway 1
;Layfield Report decision on Ringway 1
Line 110: Line 116:
{{Col-2}}
{{Col-2}}
;DoE memo to Treasury recommending Layfield's proposals
;DoE memo to Treasury recommending Layfield's proposals
:[[T 319/2655]]


;Government policy on Motorway Box
;Government policy on Motorway Box
:[[T 319/2655]]


;Leaks in Sunday Times and Private Eye
;Leaks in Sunday Times and Private Eye
Line 135: Line 143:
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/ Ringway 1]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/ Ringway 1]==


{{Col-begin}}
See [[:Category:Ringway 1]].
{{Col-2}}
 
;Encircling 60 square miles
 
;R1 as 'minimum solution'
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Serve as local distributor and long-distance bypass
 
;Estimated 36,000 people rehomed
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/north.shtml North Cross Route]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Willesden Junction - Hackney Wick
:[[T 319/1842]] contains the standard GLC route map for Ringway 1
 
;Route published in 1966
:[[MT 106/437]] for engineering plans, route study and publicity
 
;Demolition of Sigmund Freud's house
 
;Link roads from Willesden to Harlesden, M40 and M4
:[[MT 106/437]]
 
{{Col-2}}
;British Rail's objection to motorway over Camden Goods Yard
 
;PNLR terminus on Ringway 1
:[[MT 106/437]] in plan sheets
 
;M11 to Angel link alternative route on line of A10
:[[MT 106/437]] in study on alternative links to York Way and Hackney Wick
 
;Barbara Castle newspaper controversy
:[[MT 106/437]]
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/east.shtml East Cross Route]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Hackney Wick to Kidbrooke
:Road is as-built before 1973
:[[T 319/1842]] contains the standard GLC route map for Ringway 1
 
;Existing proposal by London County Council
:GLC/TD/C/P/01 held at [[London Metropolitan Archives]]
 
;Sections of road previously under motorway restrictions
 
;Sections of East Cross Route designated A106
:OS Landranger map (details to follow)
 
{{Col-2}}
;A13 interchange as temporary measure
 
;Third Blackwall Tunnel bore planned
:A-Z map (details to follow)
 
;Kidbrooke Interchange (A2/A20/Ringway 1)
:[[HLG 159/1257]]
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/south.shtml South Cross Route]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Kidbrooke - Clapham Junction
:[[T 319/1842]] contains the standard GLC route map for Ringway 1
 
;Kidbrooke Interchange (A2/A20/Ringway 1)
:[[HLG 159/1257]]
 
;Blackheath tunnel and alternative line proposals
:[[HLG 159/1257]] for proposals made by LB Greenwich and Buchanan
:[[MT 106/299]] for report in ''South London Press'', 09/04/1971, including trial bore holes made by GLC
 
;New Cross Spur interchange
 
;Split carriageways at Denmark Hill
 
{{Col-2}}
;Brixton section, and redevelopment of Brixton
:[[LBL/BDD/1/16/1]], [[LBL/BDD/1/16/2]] and [[LBL/BDD/2/4]] for various incarnations of the Brixton Town Centre Redevelopment Plan within the Ringway timeframe
 
;Barrier Block (Southwyck House), Brixton
:[http://www.urban75.org/brixton/features/barrier.html Urban 75] have a well-researched report from original files at Lambeth Archives, verified by the site's authors
 
;Engineer's Reports
:[[MT 106/299]] for details on commissioning and funding
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/west.shtml West Cross Route]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Clapham Junction - Holland Park
:[[MT 106/188]]
:[[CM 08]]
 
;Route, Holland Park - Westway
:This road is as-built before 1973.
:[[T 319/1842]] confirms the whole route.
 
;Route, Westway - Willesden Junction
:[[MT 106/437]]
 
;Elevated motorway with three or four lanes
:[[MT 106/188]]
 
;Interchange at Chelsea, and alternative plans
:[[MT 106/188]] for complex looped interchange
:''Check - not sure?'' for east-facing directional interchange
 
{{Col-2}}
;Designs for A4 interchange
:[[MT 106/188]] for stacked roundabout
:''Check - not sure?'' for west-facing directional interchange
 
;Dual carriageway proposal forking to two bridges
 
;Western Environmental Improvement Route
:West London Assessment Study, Stage II. Viewed at Richmond Archives. Detailed page to follow.
 
;Mention of proposal to link Chelsea and Victoria Embankments
:[[LA 02]] mentions this plan - detailed diagrams and documents yet to be located
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/camden.shtml Camden Town Bypass]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Camden Road - Euston Road
:[[MT 106/437]] includes full engineering diagrams
:[[HLG 159/2457]]
 
{{Col-2}}
;Oval Road cantilever over bypass
:[[MT 106/437]] for written description of the route
 
;Artist's impression
:[[MT 106/437]] for GLC publicity on 'new roads in N and E London'
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway1/balham.shtml Balham Loop]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Clapham - Brixton via Tulse Hill
:[[T 319/1842]] has the standard GLC map of Ringway 1, including the Balham Loop
 
;Publication of route in 1966
:''Check this'' - sure there is a written summary of whole of R1 including BL, probably dated
 
;Withdrawal of route in 1967
:Report in ''Wandsworth Boro' News'', 21/01/1967
:[[MT 106/291]] has GLC memo dated 23/01/1967
 
{{Col-2}}
;Map with Balham Loop crossed out
:[[MT 106/291]] has map with Balham Loop and relevant M23 section marked as "Route no longer safeguarded"
 
;Quote from Southern Railway poster
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/ Ringway 2]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/ Ringway 2]==


{{Col-begin}}
See [[:Category:Ringway 2]].
{{Col-2}}
;Objector arguing that R2 would only encourage cars
 
{{Col-2}}
;Objector from Strand-on-the-Green association
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/north.shtml North Circular Road]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Hanger Lane - Woodford
:This road was pre-existing
:[[HLG 159/1024]] indicates that the existing North Circular was to be upgraded
 
;North Circular as Trunk Route
:[[MT 106/151]] indicates that, in 1961, the North Circular was the responsibility of the MoT
 
{{Col-2}}
;Ministry of Transport proposals, 1961
:[[MT 106/151]] for the report itself
:[[MT 106/152]] for accompanying plans and diagrams
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/east.shtml Eastern Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Woodford - A13
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] shows new alignment that matches present
 
;Route, A13 - Thamesmead
 
;Route, Thamesmead - A2
::[[MT 106/291]] has descriptive outline
 
;A406 previously terminated at Gants Hill
 
{{Col-2}}
;Proposed designation M15
:''Roads in England, 1973/74'' for section listed as ''A406 - A13''
:[[SJ 25]] includes reference to M15 through the R2/M11/M12 junction
 
;1960s preference for tunnel
:[[MT 106/291]] describes a dual four-lane tunnel
 
;Controversy surrounding Oxleas Wood
 
;Resurrection of river crossing by Ken Livingstone
:Referenced in ''The Guardian'', 23 January 2002
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/south.shtml Southern Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, A2 - A23
:[[MT 106/291]] has descriptive outline
 
;Route, A23 - A24
:[[MT 106/291]] has descriptive outline
 
;Route, A24 - Wandsworth
:[[MT 106/291]] has descriptive outline
 
;Junctions at Grove Park
:[[HLG 159/959]]
 
;Double-deck and interchange at Elmer's End
:[[HLG 159/2316]]
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Layout of A21 interchange
:''Lewisham Mercury'', 04/12/1969; "Here's the Secret M-Way Map and all the Details"
 
;M23 terminal interchange
 
;GLC proposal to roof over sections
 
;GLC consider R2 high priority
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway2/west.shtml Western Link]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Wandsworth - M4
:[[MT 106/291]] has descriptive outline
 
;Route, M4 - A40
:[[MT 106/151]]
 
;Lack of connection between motorway and relief roads in Wandsworth
:[[MT 118/379]] has plans of the local road network improvements with the motorway's location indicated, and does not show any connection to the motorway.
 
;Artist's impression of motorway at Barnes Bridge
:Uncredited press cutting at [[Richmond Local History Service]]. From the context it is likely to be from the ''Richmond Herald'', 1966.
 
;Four-level stack with A316
:[[HLG 159/2274]]
 
{{Col-2}}
;Chiswick triangle, noise and demolition
:[[HLG 159/936]]
:[[HLG 159/2274]]
:[[HLG 159/2342]]
 
;Chiswick Flyover interchange
:[[HLG 159/2274]]
 
;Barnes Motorway Action Group
 
;West London Assessment Study
:West London Assessment Study, Stage II. Viewed at Richmond Archives. Detailed page to follow.  
{{Col-end}}
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/ Ringway 3]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/ Ringway 3]==


{{Col-begin}}
See [[:Category:Ringway 3]].
{{Col-2}}
;Abercrombie's D-Ring as precursor
:[[MT 106/413]] includes written confirmation that several sections used D-Ring protected lines
:[[MT 95/85]] includes plans of the D-ring at locations that match known routings of Ringway 3
 
;GLC discussing only three ring roads
 
{{Col-2}}
;Ringway 3 as route for long-distance traffic
:[[MT 106/413]], related to 'D-Ring' being constructed entirely as motorway in 1966
 
;Ministry plan for Outer Orbital motorway M45
:[[MT 112/67]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/north.shtml Northern Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, M1 - Bignell's Corner
:''This line is a best-guess and no source documents whatsoever have been found for an official line between Bushey and Bignell's Corner.  However, there are some Geographia maps with a potential route on them.''
::''M31 Consultants' Report'' has outline of route, although it does not quite reach Bignell's Corner
 
;Route, Bignell's Corner - Potter's Bar
:As built before 1973
 
;Route, Potter's Bar - A12
:As planned before 1973
 
;Unbuilt junction at A11
 
{{Col-2}}
;Use of M16 designation before opening
 
;Use of temporary A1178 number
 
;Incorporated into full-circle M25
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/east.shtml Eastern Section]===
 
;Route, A12 - A20
:[[AT 56/98]] confirms that what is now M25 between M11 and Dartford was programmed as Ringway 3/M16
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/south.shtml Southern Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, A20 - Addington
:[[MT 120/169]] has outline route
 
;Route, Addington - Thames
:[[MT 120/169]] includes outline route
 
;Alternative route, Addington - Chessington
 
;Consultants still investigating routes in 1971
:[[MT 120/272]] indicates possible routes between M4 and A20 under investigation, in memo dated September 1971
 
{{Col-2}}
;Newspaper report concerning "final route"
:[[HLG 159/1318]] indicates a plan was published in ''Sutton and Cheam Advertiser'', 23/07/1970, but so far we have been unable to track down that particular edition of this newspaper
 
;No final route ever selected
:[[MT 120/272]] and [[HLG 159/321]] both suggest the route was with consultants in 1971, and the final report of their findings was not due
 
;Engineering standards
:[[MT 120/272]] indicates urban dual-4 alignment changes to rural dual-3 at a grid line on the plans in the absence of detailed study on where the change should occur
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway3/west.shtml Western Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Thames - M3
;Route, M3 - M4 - Yeading
;Route, options at Yeading
;Route, MoT option Yeading - South Oxhey
:Check (same as GLC route)
 
;Route, GLC option Yeading - South Oxhey
:Check (same as MoT route)
:[[MT 106/291]] for 1964 route through Stanmore and Harrow to M1 junction 3
 
;Ministry line v GLC line
:Settled in favour of Ministry line before GDLP inquiry, ''The Times, 13-03-71''
:[[HLG 159/321]] has report comparing the two options
 
{{Col-2}}
;R3 connecting to M3 junction 1
;R3 connecting to M3 at new junction at Upper Halliford (inc. reserved land and property dispute)
:[[MT 120/169]]
 
;Cost comparison of Ministry and GLC route options
:[[HLG 159/321]], including GLC argument that their line was "more accessible"
 
;Previous plans for D-Ring and to link M1 and Heathrow by dual carriageway
:[[MT 106/291]]
 
;Memo indicating urban or rural motorway standard
:[[MT 106/413]]
 
;File suggesting route number M16 between A4020 and M1
:[[MT 106/118]]
:''[http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1972/nov/07/road-programme#S5CV0845P0-04286 Hansard, 07-11-72]''
 
;Ringway 3 still at least partially in roads programme in 1977
:''[http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1977/apr/05/road-schemes Hansard, 05-04-77]''
 
{{Col-end}}
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/ Ringway 4]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/ Ringway 4]==


;Abercrombie plan for outer parkways
See [[:Category:Ringway 4]].
:[[CM 10]] (Greater London Plan, 1944)
 
----
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/north.shtml North Orbital Road]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Navestock - M11
:[[MT 120/169]] has outline maps
 
;Route, M11 - Hatfield
:[[MT 120/169]] has outline maps
 
;Route, Hatfield Bypass
 
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Hatfield - Watford
:[[MT 120/169]] has text description
 
;Proposed as all-purpose road
:[[MT 120/169]] implies very strongly
 
;A1170 Dinant Link Road as R4
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/west.shtml Western Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Hunton Bridge - Maple Cross
:''M31 Consultants' Report'' has outline of route
 
;Route, Maple Cross - Staines
:''M31 Consultants' Report'' has outline of route
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Staines - River Thames
:''M31 Consultants' Report'' has outline of route
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/south.shtml Southern Section]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, River Thames - A3
:Shown in ''M31 Consultants' Report''
 
;Route, A3 - M23
;Route, M23 - M20
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Link south-west of M25/M3 interchange
:May be part of non-preferred M31 Red Route.  Dotted line shown in ''M31 Consultants' Report''
 
;Stacked roundabout interchange at A21
:[[MT 121/57]] has full diagrams, including proposed MSA.
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/ringway4/denham.shtml Denham Spur]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Denham - Ruislip Common
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] indicates line as planned in 1965
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Oversize bridges at Denham built without authority
:[[Denham Spur emails]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/ Northern Radials]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/ Northern Radials]==


===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/m1.shtml M1]===
See [[:Category:Radials North]].
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, St Albans - A406
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] confirms this was to be incorporated as-is
 
;Route, A406 - Kilburn
:[[MT 106/437]] has full engineering diagrams for this section
 
;M1 final section opened 1977
:[http://www.motorwayarchive.ihtservices.co.uk/m1m10m45stat.htm UK Motorway Archive] confirms dates.
{{Col-2}}
 
;A406 flyover pre-existing at 1977
 
;1970s and 80s proposals for extension to WEIR
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/pnlr.shtml PNLR] (Possible North London Radial)===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Dyrham Park - Ringway 1
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] shows route in full
 
;Route, Ringway 1 - Kings Cross
{{Col-2}}
 
;Interchange with North Cross Route
:[[MT 106/437]] has diagrams
 
;Names PNLR and Kings Cross Radial
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] for PNLR
:[[MT 106/437]] for King's Cross Radial
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/m11.shtml M11]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Harlow - A406
;Route, A406 - Hackney Wick
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] has multiple route options
 
;Route, Hackney Wick - Angel
;Route, alternative Lee Valley line
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] shows this line out to Harlow
 
;Restricted access interchange with R3
:[[T 319/2655]] has diagram
 
{{Col-2}}
;Layout of interchange with M12 and R2
:[[SJ 25]]
 
;Hackney Wick interchange
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] has various allusions to layout
 
;Eastern Avenue Extension
;A12 not on proposed line of M11
:[[GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07]] has multiple options, none of which match A12
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/m12.shtml M12]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
;Route, Woodford - Brentwood
:[[AT 56/98]] & [[MT 106/280]]
 
;Route, Brentwood - Maplin Sands alternative
:[[AT 56/98]]
 
;Route, Brentwood - Chelmsford alternative
:''Trunk Roads, England into the 1990s''
 
;Terminal interchange at Woodford
:[[SJ 25]]
 
;Return to Woodford - Brentwood routing after cancellation of Maplin Airport
:''Roads in England 1981''
 
{{Col-2}}
;Havering-atte-Bower service area
:[[MT 106/280]]
 
;Gallows Corner spur and temporary flyover
:[[MT 106/280]]
 
;Noak Hill spur
;Maplin Airport route with parallel railway
:[[AT 56/98]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/northern/m13.shtml M13]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Maplin Sands - Blackwall (via Rayleigh)
:[[AT 56/98]]
 
;Route, Maplin Sands - Blackwall (via Thames Estuary)
:[[AT 56/98]]
 
{{Col-2}}
;Suggestion of plans for a barrage near Southend
 
;Proposal for two motorways to Maplin Airport
:[[AT 56/98]]
:[[HLG 159/462]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/ Western Radials]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/ Western Radials]==


===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/a41m.shtml A41(M)]===
See [[:Category:Radials West]].
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Hemel Hempstead - Hunton Bridge
:Indicated as "motorway projected" on ''Ordnance Survey Landranger sheet 166 revision <u>A</u>*'' published April 1975
 
;Route, Hunton Bridge - M1
:Existence of route, ''Roads in England 1971/72''
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Tring Bypass completed in 1970s
:Listed as under construction, ''Roads in England 1973/74''
 
;Hunton Bridge as terminus of M25
:[[MT 138/44]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/m40.shtml A40, A40(M) or M40]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, High Wycombe - Denham
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] shows M40 route was built as planned
 
;Route, Denham - Shepherd's Bush
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] indicates on-line improvement was expected throughout
 
;Route, Shepherd's Bush - Marylebone
;R4 to connect at Denham (M40 junction 1)
:[[MT 121/57]] & [[MT 106/291]] show R4 approaching M40 from south and terminating
:[[HLG 159/479]] shows R4 via M40 continuing towards Maple Cross
{{Col-2}}
 
;R4 to connect at present M25 junction
;Sliproads at Denham designed with provision for spur
:[[Denham Spur emails]]
 
;Spur to R1 at Gypsy Corner
:[[MT 106/437]] has engineering plans
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/m4.shtml M4]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Slough - Chiswick
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] has this route incorporated as-is
 
;Route, Chiswick - Earl's Court
;Possibility of widening Chiswick elevated section
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Limited-access proposal for Chiswick Roundabout
:[[HLG 159/2274]]
 
;Free-flow proposal for Chiswick Roundabout
;Confusion over status Chiswick - Earl's Court
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/m3.shtml M3 or A316]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Staines - Sunbury
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] shows the route of M3 was to be incorporated as-is
 
;Route, Sunbury - Richmond
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] has a primary route planned on the current line of A316 Country Way
 
;Route, Richmond Bypass
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] indicates an online improvement of A316 at Richmond, dated 1965
:Newspaper reports at [[Richmond Local History Service]] also dated 1965 show Richmond Council approved a bypass to the north of the town
 
;Route, Richmond - Chiswick
:[[GLC/TD/C/P/02]] indicates an on-line upgrade of A316 from Manor Circus to Hogarth Roundabout
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Local authority plans for Richmond bypass
;Local authority change and rejection of bypass
;GLC suggesting M3 to Chiswick until 1973
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/western/a3.shtml A3]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Esher Bypass
;Route, Kingston Bypass
;Route, Robin Hood Gate - Wandsworth
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Abercrombie considered A3 unsuitable as Parkway
;Esher Bypass proposed as motorway
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----


==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/ Southern Radials]==
==[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/ Southern Radials]==


===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/m23.shtml M23]===
See [[:Category:Radials South]].
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Redhill - Hooley
;Route, Hooley - Streatham Vale
;Route, Streatham Vale - Tooting Bec Common
;London - Brighton Motorways planned 1906 and 1924
:''Proposed London - Crawley Motorway'' Consultant's Report, March 1964
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Deletion of Streatham Vale - Tooting Bec Common section
;Considered for number M2
:[[MT 112/67]]
 
;Terminus on "Tooting Bec - Tulse Hill Link"
:''Proposed London - Crawley Motorway'' Consultant's Report, March 1964
 
;Plan formally cancelled in 1995
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/scrpdr.shtml SCRPDR] (South Cross Route to Parkway D Radial)===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Brixton - Elmer's End
:''Proposed London - Crawley Motorway'' Consultant's Report, March 1964
:[[T 319/1842]] includes this section in the GLC map of Ringway 1
 
;Route, Elmer's End - Addington
:''Proposed London - Crawley Motorway'' Consultant's Report, March 1964
 
;Descended from Abercrombie's Parkway E
:Parkway E name used in [[MT  106/413]]
 
;Name 'South Cross Route to Parkway D Radial'
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Name 'Hastings Radial'
:''Proposed London - Crawley Motorway'' Consultant's Report, March 1964
 
;Double-deck interchange with R2
:[[HLG 159/2316]]
 
;Line protected by GLC in 1964
;Lambeth Council lobby for removal of protection
:[[HLG 159/1373]]
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/m20.shtml A20, M20 or A20(M)]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Kidbrooke - A208
:[[HLG 159/1257]]
:[[HLG 159/2508]]
 
;Route, A208 - Swanley
;Route, Swanley - Wrotham
;Route, Swanley - Wrotham southern alternative
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Junction layouts, Kidbrooke - A208
:[[HLG 159/1257]] has the whole 'Eltham box' including several alternative arrangements
 
;Road in deep cutting next to A20
:[[HLG 159/2508]] shows cross-section in diagram
 
;Use of number A20(M)
:[[HLG 159/2508]] uses A20(M) number extensively
 
;Use of number M20
 
{{Col-end}}
 
----
 
===[http://www.cbrd.co.uk/histories/ringways/southern/m2.shtml A2, M2 or A2(M)]===
 
{{Col-begin}}
{{Col-2}}
 
;Route, Kidbrooke - Falconwood
:[[HLG 159/1257]] has plans matching as-built A2 through Eltham
 
;Route, Falconwood - Dartford
;Route, Dartford - Gravesend
;A282 interchange intended as A2/R3 junction
 
{{Col-2}}
 
;Eltham section built in 1980s
;Woolwich Borough Council objection to Eltham section
;Use of number A2(M)
:''Roads in England 1973-74''
;Use of number M2
;Use of number A102(M) for Dover Radial Route
:''Roads in England 1971-72''
 
{{Col-end}}

Latest revision as of 19:19, 10 March 2011

This is an experiment into how references might be collated and published for the Ringways articles. The references will not be placed on the pages themselves, to avoid it becoming too academic and even less readable, but instead will be collated here, with each key point in the text married up with its source.


Background

Early plans

New Road opened ca. 1756
Royal Commission on London Traffic
SJ 16
Rees Jeffreys' ring road proposal
SJ 16 has outline only

Traffic Board for London
SJ 16
Arterial Routes built by 1930s
Highway Development Survey 1937
SJ 16 has outline


Wartime plans

The County of London Plan, 1943
See County of London Plan (1943)

The Greater London Plan, 1944
See Greater London Plan (1944)


Post-war and beyond

Proposal to reverse roles of A and B rings
MT 95/86 discusses little else
Land for road construction not protected
M1 to terminate near Marble Arch
MT 112/67 & SJ 15
Motorway Box replaces A- and B-rings
Eastern side was pre-existing road proposal
LCC plans and omission of Motorway Box
West Cross Route planning status in 1962
West Cross Route: Interim Report on Stage I (1962) - document is dated April 1962

GLC purpose included planning of road network
Consultants brought in to assist GLC with planning
Letter from GLC to MoT (London Highways Division), 3 September 1968, held at MT 106/299
GLC unhappy with use of Abercrombie terminology
GLC's overall plan and timescale
HLG 159/572 has full timescale, and costs the scheme at £1.7bn
Evening Standard report with incorrect cost and rehousing numbers
Evening Standard 26/05/66, "That motorway box 'could cost £3000m'"
Camden suggesting higher capacity on North Cross Route


Epilogue

Correspondence between Ministry and GLC
T 319/1842 has memos in 1969 asking about "killing the whole project"
Estimate of cost at 1970
T 319/1842 has the GLC estimating £1,700m
GLDP as biggest inquiry in British history
Protest groups set up in South West London
The Borough News 16/10/70; p. 16 "Putney Motorway Action Group formed"
Further items to be added to this list.
Grove Park Group's analysis and report
Coalition of South London councils
Clapham Observer 11/02/72; "Councils combine to fight M-way 'madness'"
Barnes Motorway Action Group newspaper spread
Putney and Roehampton Herald 02/07/70 (held at Wandsworth Local History Service)
Layfield Report decision on Ringway 1
HLG 159/626 has the full decision on transport

DoE memo to Treasury recommending Layfield's proposals
T 319/2655
Government policy on Motorway Box
T 319/2655
Leaks in Sunday Times and Private Eye
T 319/2655 has details - specific editions are:
Sunday Times 11/02/1973; "The Motor Car Wins its Biggest Victory"
Sunday Times 18/02/1973; "Full Cabinet approves London's Motorway Box"
Private Eye 23/02/1973
Treasury memo puts Ringway 1 "out of the question"
T 319/2655 includes memo dated 20/02/1973 from Diana Seammen to Mr Howard, stating "the Inner Motorway Box will never be implemented"
MoT merges R3 and R4 to form M25
GLC cancels R2 plans in favour of M25
A102(M), A40(M), M41 open to traffic by 1973
Motorways within Greater London downgraded


Ringway 1

See Category:Ringway 1.

Ringway 2

See Category:Ringway 2.

Ringway 3

See Category:Ringway 3.

Ringway 4

See Category:Ringway 4.

Northern Radials

See Category:Radials North.

Western Radials

See Category:Radials West.

Southern Radials

See Category:Radials South.