Ringways References

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This is an experiment into how references might be collated and published for the Ringways articles. The references will not be placed on the pages themselves, to avoid it becoming too academic and even less readable, but instead will be collated here, with each key point in the text married up with its source.


Early plans

New Road opened ca. 1756
Royal Commission on London Traffic
SJ 16
Rees Jeffreys' ring road proposal
SJ 16 has outline only

Traffic Board for London
SJ 16
Arterial Routes built by 1930s
Highway Development Survey 1937
SJ 16 has outline

Wartime plans

The County of London Plan, 1943
See County of London Plan (1943)

The Greater London Plan, 1944
See Greater London Plan (1944)

Post-war and beyond

Proposal to reverse roles of A and B rings
MT 95/86 discusses little else
Land for road construction not protected
M1 to terminate near Marble Arch
MT 112/67 & SJ 15
Motorway Box replaces A- and B-rings
Eastern side was pre-existing road proposal
LCC plans and omission of Motorway Box
West Cross Route planning status in 1962
West Cross Route: Interim Report on Stage I (1962) - document is dated April 1962

GLC purpose included planning of road network
Consultants brought in to assist GLC with planning
Letter from GLC to MoT (London Highways Division), 3 September 1968, held at MT 106/299
GLC unhappy with use of Abercrombie terminology
GLC's overall plan and timescale
HLG 159/572 has full timescale, and costs the scheme at £1.7bn
Evening Standard report with incorrect cost and rehousing numbers
Evening Standard 26/05/66, "That motorway box 'could cost £3000m'"
Camden suggesting higher capacity on North Cross Route


Correspondence between Ministry and GLC
T 319/1842 has memos in 1969 asking about "killing the whole project"
Estimate of cost at 1970
T 319/1842 has the GLC estimating £1,700m
GLDP as biggest inquiry in British history
Protest groups set up in South West London
The Borough News 16/10/70; p. 16 "Putney Motorway Action Group formed"
Further items to be added to this list.
Grove Park Group's analysis and report
Coalition of South London councils
Clapham Observer 11/02/72; "Councils combine to fight M-way 'madness'"
Barnes Motorway Action Group newspaper spread
Putney and Roehampton Herald 02/07/70 (held at Wandsworth Local History Service)
Layfield Report decision on Ringway 1
HLG 159/626 has the full decision on transport

DoE memo to Treasury recommending Layfield's proposals
T 319/2655
Government policy on Motorway Box
T 319/2655
Leaks in Sunday Times and Private Eye
T 319/2655 has details - specific editions are:
Sunday Times 11/02/1973; "The Motor Car Wins its Biggest Victory"
Sunday Times 18/02/1973; "Full Cabinet approves London's Motorway Box"
Private Eye 23/02/1973
Treasury memo puts Ringway 1 "out of the question"
T 319/2655 includes memo dated 20/02/1973 from Diana Seammen to Mr Howard, stating "the Inner Motorway Box will never be implemented"
MoT merges R3 and R4 to form M25
GLC cancels R2 plans in favour of M25
A102(M), A40(M), M41 open to traffic by 1973
Motorways within Greater London downgraded

Ringway 1

See Category:Ringway 1.

Ringway 2

Objector arguing that R2 would only encourage cars

Objector from Strand-on-the-Green association

North Circular Road

Route, Hanger Lane - Woodford
This road was pre-existing
HLG 159/1024 indicates that the existing North Circular was to be upgraded
North Circular as Trunk Route
MT 106/151 indicates that, in 1961, the North Circular was the responsibility of the MoT

Ministry of Transport proposals, 1961
MT 106/151 for the report itself
MT 106/152 for accompanying plans and diagrams

Eastern Section

Route, Woodford - A13
GLC/TD/PM/CDO/07 shows new alignment that matches present
Route, A13 - Thamesmead
Route, Thamesmead - A2
MT 106/291 has descriptive outline
A406 previously terminated at Gants Hill

Proposed designation M15
Roads in England, 1973/74 for section listed as A406 - A13
SJ 25 includes reference to M15 through the R2/M11/M12 junction
1960s preference for tunnel
MT 106/291 describes a dual four-lane tunnel
Controversy surrounding Oxleas Wood
Resurrection of river crossing by Ken Livingstone
Referenced in The Guardian, 23 January 2002

Southern Section

Route, A2 - A23
MT 106/291 has descriptive outline
Route, A23 - A24
MT 106/291 has descriptive outline
Route, A24 - Wandsworth
MT 106/291 has descriptive outline
Junctions at Grove Park
HLG 159/959
Double-deck and interchange at Elmer's End
HLG 159/2316

Layout of A21 interchange
Lewisham Mercury, 04/12/1969; "Here's the Secret M-Way Map and all the Details"
M23 terminal interchange
GLC proposal to roof over sections
GLC consider R2 high priority

Western Link

Route, Wandsworth - M4
MT 106/291 has descriptive outline
Route, M4 - A40
MT 106/151
Lack of connection between motorway and relief roads in Wandsworth
MT 118/379 has plans of the local road network improvements with the motorway's location indicated, and does not show any connection to the motorway.
Artist's impression of motorway at Barnes Bridge
Uncredited press cutting at Richmond Local History Service. From the context it is likely to be from the Richmond Herald, 1966.
Four-level stack with A316
HLG 159/2274

Chiswick triangle, noise and demolition
HLG 159/936
HLG 159/2274
HLG 159/2342
Chiswick Flyover interchange
HLG 159/2274
Barnes Motorway Action Group
West London Assessment Study
West London Assessment Study, Stage II. Viewed at Richmond Archives. Detailed page to follow.

Ringway 3

Abercrombie's D-Ring as precursor
MT 106/413 includes written confirmation that several sections used D-Ring protected lines
MT 95/85 includes plans of the D-ring at locations that match known routings of Ringway 3
GLC discussing only three ring roads

Ringway 3 as route for long-distance traffic
MT 106/413, related to 'D-Ring' being constructed entirely as motorway in 1966
Ministry plan for Outer Orbital motorway M45
MT 112/67

Northern Section

Route, M1 - Bignell's Corner
This line is a best-guess and no source documents whatsoever have been found for an official line between Bushey and Bignell's Corner. However, there are some Geographia maps with a potential route on them.
M31 Consultants' Report has outline of route, although it does not quite reach Bignell's Corner
Route, Bignell's Corner - Potter's Bar
As built before 1973
Route, Potter's Bar - A12
As planned before 1973
Unbuilt junction at A11
T 319/2655 includes plans of this

Use of M16 designation before opening
T 319/2655 has plans of "M16 motorway" between A10 and M11, which match precisely what is now M25
Use of temporary A1178 number
Incorporated into full-circle M25

Eastern Section

Route, A12 - A20
AT 56/98 confirms that what is now M25 between M11 and Dartford was programmed as Ringway 3/M16

Southern Section

Route, A20 - Addington
MT 120/169 has outline route
Route, Addington - Thames
MT 120/169 includes outline route
Alternative route, Addington - Chessington
Consultants still investigating routes in 1971
MT 120/272 indicates possible routes between M4 and A20 under investigation, in memo dated September 1971

Newspaper report concerning "final route"
HLG 159/1318 indicates a plan was published in Sutton and Cheam Advertiser, 23/07/1970, but so far we have been unable to track down that particular edition of this newspaper
No final route ever selected
MT 120/272 and HLG 159/321 both suggest the route was with consultants in 1971, and the final report of their findings was not due
Engineering standards
MT 120/272 indicates urban dual-4 alignment changes to rural dual-3 at a grid line on the plans in the absence of detailed study on where the change should occur

Western Section

Route, Thames - M3
Route, M3 - M4 - Yeading
Route, options at Yeading
Route, MoT option Yeading - South Oxhey
Check (same as GLC route)
Route, GLC option Yeading - South Oxhey
Check (same as MoT route)
MT 106/291 for 1964 route through Stanmore and Harrow to M1 junction 3
Ministry line v GLC line
Settled in favour of Ministry line before GDLP inquiry, The Times, 13-03-71
HLG 159/321 has report comparing the two options

R3 connecting to M3 junction 1
R3 connecting to M3 at new junction at Upper Halliford (inc. reserved land and property dispute)
MT 120/169
Cost comparison of Ministry and GLC route options
HLG 159/321, including GLC argument that their line was "more accessible"
Previous plans for D-Ring and to link M1 and Heathrow by dual carriageway
MT 106/291
Memo indicating urban or rural motorway standard
MT 106/413
File suggesting route number M16 between A4020 and M1
MT 106/118
Hansard, 07-11-72
Ringway 3 still at least partially in roads programme in 1977
Hansard, 05-04-77

Ringway 4

Abercrombie plan for outer parkways
Greater London Plan (1944)

North Orbital Road

Route, Navestock - M11
MT 120/169 has outline maps
Route, M11 - Hatfield
MT 120/169 has outline maps
Route, Hatfield Bypass

Route, Hatfield - Watford
MT 120/169 has text description
Proposed as all-purpose road
MT 120/169 implies very strongly
A1170 Dinant Link Road as R4

Western Section

Route, Hunton Bridge - Maple Cross
M31 Consultants' Report has outline of route
Route, Maple Cross - Staines
M31 Consultants' Report has outline of route

Route, Staines - River Thames
M31 Consultants' Report has outline of route

Southern Section

Route, River Thames - A3
Shown in M31 Consultants' Report
Route, A3 - M23
Route, M23 - M20

Link south-west of M25/M3 interchange
May be part of non-preferred M31 Red Route. Dotted line shown in M31 Consultants' Report
Stacked roundabout interchange at A21
MT 121/57 has full diagrams, including proposed MSA.

Denham Spur

Route, Denham - Ruislip Common
GLC/TD/C/P/02 indicates line as planned in 1965

Oversize bridges at Denham built without authority
Denham Spur emails

Northern Radials

See Category:Radials North.

Western Radials

See Category:Radials West.

Southern Radials

See Category:Radials South.